Evaluation of technology-based learning by dental students during the pandemic outbreak of Corona virus disease 2019

Introduction: Although the technology based learning (TB-learning) has been accepted as an efficient educational tool in the field of dentistry, evaluating TB-learning in a situation of non-prepared as the pandemic has not been studied fully. This study aimed to evaluate the different aspects of TB-learning among undergraduate dental students during a pandemic outbreak COVID-19.


Materials and Methods:
Dental students at selected universities Iraq (Baghdad University, University of Sulaimani, and Dijlah University College) was invited to join the study. The questionnaire was made using the Google platform and answered by the students. Satisfaction and attitudes towards TB-learning plus the total evaluation score for the lecturer examined.


Results: A total of 832 of the 1,800 dental students participated in the study. The majority of participants had basic (40.7%) and medium (47.5%), computer skills and more than half of them do not have experience in TB-learning. Overall satisfaction and positive attitudes towards TB-learning is less than 50%.

Students in the class late, with advanced computer skills and experience of TB-learning showed higher satisfaction (OR: 3.031, 2.876, 3.644, respectively) and a more positive attitude (OR: 3.172, 3.035, 3.477, respectively) towards TB-learning compared to their previous value. total evaluation score for lecturers higher among women (11.5 ± 5.8) than men (9.9 ± 7.2) as well as between the participants at the end of the class (14.0 ± 6.2), with skills sophisticated computer (13.8 ± 6.1), and TB-learning experience (16.2 ± 6.0).


Conclusion: Dental students show low satisfaction moderate and positive attitudes towards TB-learning and the quality of the material presented to them. Integrating TB-learning into the curriculum of dental education is an important step in improving the acceptance of TB-learning in the future.

 Evaluation of technology-based learning by dental students during the pandemic outbreak of Corona virus disease 2019
Evaluation of technology-based learning by dental students during the pandemic outbreak of Corona virus disease 2019

Stereoscopic three-dimensional visualization technology in learning anatomy: a meta-analysis

Objective: The features that contribute to the real effectiveness of the three-dimensional visualization technology [3DVT] in teaching anatomy is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of stereopsis in learning anatomy with 3DVT.


Methods: The study was conducted and reported in accordance with Standard PRISMA. Literature search for articles in English performed using Embase, Medline, EBSCOhost CINAHL, EBSCOhost ERIC, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases to November 2019. The study selection, data extraction and assessment studies were carried out independently by two authors. Articles were assessed for methodological quality using the Medical Education and Research Quality Study Instrument Cochrane Collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias. For quantitative analysis, the studies are grouped based on the relative difference between-intervention in the learning method and type of control conditions.


Results: A total of 3,934 citations obtained from which 67 underwent full-text review. In the end, 13 randomized controlled trials included in the meta-analysis. When interactive, stereoscopic 3D models compared with interactive, monoscopic 3D model in one level instructional design, for example, isolating stereopsis as manipulated element is only valid in experimental design, effect size [ES] of 0.53 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0, 26-.80; p <0.00001) was found.

EL-102

HY-16187 10mM/1mL
EUR 376

MM-102

B1582-2 2 mg
EUR 128
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.

MM-102

B1582-20 20 mg
EUR 593
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.

PPQ-102

B3504-10 10 mg
EUR 242

PPQ-102

B3504-5 5 mg
EUR 151

PPQ-102

B3504-50 50 mg
EUR 863

PM 102

B5517-1 1 mg
EUR 601

MM-102

B2364-25
EUR 588

MM-102

B2364-5
EUR 185

p38 protein

E20-80078 20ug
EUR 408

p38 protein

E20-80079 20ug
EUR 408

p38 Antibody

20-abx133223
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

20-abx007541
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

abx236076-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481

p38 Antibody

20-abx141038
  • EUR 356.00
  • EUR 537.00
  • EUR 217.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

35478-100ul 100ul
EUR 390

p38 Antibody

48644-100ul 100ul
EUR 333

p38 Antibody

48644-50ul 50ul
EUR 239

anti-p38

YF-PA11120 50 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA11121 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23519 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23520 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23521 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

p38 antibody

70R-51505 100 ul
EUR 268
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

p38 antibody

70R-51506 100 ul
EUR 287
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

LB (Lennox)

102 500 g
EUR 101

BP-1-102

HY-100493 100mg
EUR 1345

MM-102 (TFA)

HY-12220A 10mM/1mL
EUR 263

SB-203580 p38 MAPK(p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor

E1B1863 1mg
EUR 161

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4837-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4837-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4838-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4838-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES8347-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat/Chicken. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES8347-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat/Chicken. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3111-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3112-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3111-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3112-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 (pY323) Antibody

20-abx133058
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 203.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 (pY182) Antibody

20-abx134951
  • EUR 384.00
  • EUR 606.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

Anti-p38 Antibody

A00176 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for p38 Antibody (MAPK14) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx061736
  • EUR 258.00
  • EUR 384.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx062080
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

p38 (pT180) Antibody

20-abx009863
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 203.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 MAPK Antibody

20-abx012798
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

p38 MAPK Antibody

20-abx012875
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 MAPK Antibody

abx236077-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx161932
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94876 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94877 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94878 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: p38 is a protein encoded by the MAPK14 gene which is approximately 41,2 kDa. p38 is localised to the cytoplasm and nucleus. It is involved in activated TLR4 signalling, the IL-2 pathway, toll-like receptor signalling pathways, the VEGF signalling pathway and 4-1BB pathway. This protein falls under the MAP kinase family. It acts as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals, and is involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. This kinase is activated by various environmental stresses and proinflammatory cytokines. p38 is expressed in the brain, heart, placenta, pancreas and skeletal muscle. Mutations in the MAPK14 gene may result in patellar tendinitis and lumbosacral lipoma. STJ94878 was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen. This polyclonal antibody detects endogenous levels of p38 protein.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94879 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-P38 antibody

STJ98898 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Mouse monoclonal to P38.

Anti-P38 antibody

STJ98899 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Mouse monoclonal to P38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ97615 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41305-100ul 100ul
EUR 252

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41305-50ul 50ul
EUR 187

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41306-100ul 100ul
EUR 252

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41306-50ul 50ul
EUR 187

p38 alpha-MAPK14

RA15053 100 ug
EUR 526

anti- p38 antibody

FNab06076 100µg
EUR 505.25
Description: Antibody raised against p38

p38 MAPK Antibody

49379-100ul 100ul
EUR 333

p38 MAPK Antibody

49379-50ul 50ul
EUR 239

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6455 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6456 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6457 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

anti-p38 MAPK

LF-PA0160 100 ul
EUR 334
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38 MAPK

Anti-p38 alpha

DB-1039 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 beta

DB-1040 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 gamma

DB-1041 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 delta

DB-1042 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38-a

DB-161-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-a

DB-161-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-b

DB-162-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-b

DB-162-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-g

DB-163-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-g

DB-163-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-d

DB-164-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Compared with the 2D image in some level of instructional design, an effect size of 0.45 (95% CI 0.10 to 0.81; p <0.002) was found. Stereopsis no effect on learning when used with non-interactive 3D images (ES = – 0.87, 95% CI -2.09 – 0.35; p = 0.16).